The modern Turkish word is kurgan, which means "fortress" or "burial mound".
Following its use in Soviet archaeology, the word is now widely used for tumuli in the context of archaeology.
Scythian-Saka-Siberian monuments have common features, and sometimes common genetic roots.
The tradition of kurgan burials was adopted by some neighboring peoples who did not have such a tradition.Burial mounds are complex structures with internal chambers.Within the burial chamber at the heart of the kurgan, elite individuals were buried with grave goods and sacrificial offerings, sometimes including horses and chariots.In all periods, the development of the kurgan structure tradition in the various ethnocultural zones is revealed by common components or typical features in the construction of the monuments.They include: Depending on the combination of these elements, each historical and cultural nomadic zone has certain architectural distinctions.
Sarmatian Kurgan 4th century BC, Fillipovka, South Urals, Russia. It is the first kurgan known to be completely destroyed and then rebuilt to its original appearance.